Active Directory with LDAP connector

Last modified 07 Mar 2022 09:21 +01:00

Status

Provisioning works well. Synchronization works well.

Recommended connector

Active Directory Connector (LDAP)

Resource Configuration

(Remote connector server is not needed for this connector)

Administrative Account for Provisioning/Synchronization

We have successfully tested both provisioning and synchronization of users with the following access privileges using Active Directory domain "Delegate Control" mechanism:

  • Create, delete and manage user accounts

  • Reset user passwords and force password change at next logon

  • Read all user information

  • Create, delete and manage groups

  • Modify the membership of a group

  • Create, delete and manage inetOrgPerson accounts (TODO: is this needed?)

  • Reset inetOrgPerson accounts and force password change at next logon (TODO: is this needed?)

  • Read all inetOrgPerson information

Framework: ConnId
Bundle: com.evolveum.polygon.connector-ldap
Version: most recent stable version
Connector: com.evolveum.polygon.connector.ldap.ad.AdLdapConnector

Connector Configuration

(currently, no published documentation)

Active Directory LDAP Strangeness

Active Directory in the default configuration is not really LDAPv3-compliant server. It has many quirks, extensions, modification and twists the LDAP standard almost beyond recognition. The LDAP connector was modified to survive this brutal "intepretation" of the LDAP specifications. However, there are many things that needs to be taken into account when configuring AD resource:

  • instanceType, nTSecurityDescriptor and objectCategory are formally defined as mandatory attributes in the top object class (!!!). This means they are (formally) mandatory for all objects accessed using LDAP connection. But the reality is different. It seems to be OK to create an object without these attributes. Therefore for a proper operation of midPoint we recommend to modify the schema using the limitations mechanism in midPoint Resource Schema Handling by setting minOccurs=0. (This is already done in the sample referenced below.)

  • The objects can easily have attributes that are not defined in any object classes that they have. E.g. a normal user (the user object class) may have attribute info. If such extra attributes are used in your AD instance then the best way is to configure them as operational attributes in the connector configuration and define them explicitly in Resource Schema Handling (see MID-3379).

Resource Configuration Example

<connectorConfiguration xmlns:icfc="http://midpoint.evolveum.com/xml/ns/public/connector/icf-1/connector-schema-3">
        <icfc:configurationProperties xmlns:icfcldap="http://midpoint.evolveum.com/xml/ns/public/connector/icf-1/bundle/com.evolveum.polygon.connector-ldap/com.evolveum.polygon.connector.ldap.ad.AdLdapConnector">
            <icfcldap:host>ad.example.com</icfcldap:host>
            <icfcldap:port>636</icfcldap:port>
            <icfcldap:baseContext>DC=evolveum,DC=com</icfcldap:baseContext>
            <icfcldap:bindDn>CN=midpoint,CN=Users,DC=evolveum,DC=com</icfcldap:bindDn>
            <icfcldap:connectionSecurity>ssl</icfcldap:connectionSecurity>
            <icfcldap:bindPassword>
                <t:clearValue>secret</t:clearValue>
            </icfcldap:bindPassword>
        </icfc:configurationProperties>
        <icfc:resultsHandlerConfiguration>
            <icfc:enableNormalizingResultsHandler>false</icfc:enableNormalizingResultsHandler>
            <icfc:enableFilteredResultsHandler>false</icfc:enableFilteredResultsHandler>
            <icfc:enableAttributesToGetSearchResultsHandler>false</icfc:enableAttributesToGetSearchResultsHandler>
        </icfc:resultsHandlerConfiguration>
    </connectorConfiguration>

Resource Sample

Limitations

  • Active Directory LDAP schema is violating LDAP standards and best practices in numerous ways. The connector is build to tolerate these "quirks" in the AD schema. However the underlying LDAP library may complain about the schema issues. It is usually safe to ignore these warnings.

Recommendation and Notes

Passwords

To avoid clear-text password visible in the repository, please refer to String to ProtectedString Connector Configuration.

Full Active Directory Schema

Active Directory has huge schema. The schema when encoded in XSD has several megabytes. This might take several hundreds of megabytes of memory when processed. Make sure that your midpoint instance has enough memory (heap) to handle that. The impact of AD schema can be limited by reducing the number of object classes that are processed by midPoint:

    <schema>
       <generationConstraints>
            <generateObjectClass>ri:user</generateObjectClass>
            <generateObjectClass>ri:group</generateObjectClass>
        </generationConstraints>
    </schema>

See also MID-2716

Explicit Referential Integrity

We recommend turning off explicitReferentialIntegrity for associations with groups. Active Directory will maintain the group membership after account rename automatically.

Example:

...
<association>
    <ref>ri:group</ref>
    <displayName>AD Group Membership</displayName>
    <kind>entitlement</kind>
    <intent>group</intent>
    <direction>objectToSubject</direction>
    <associationAttribute>ri:member</associationAttribute>
    <valueAttribute>ri:dn</valueAttribute>
    <shortcutAssociationAttribute>ri:memberOf</shortcutAssociationAttribute>
    <shortcutValueAttribute>ri:dn</shortcutValueAttribute>
    <explicitReferentialIntegrity>false</explicitReferentialIntegrity>
</association>
...

National Characters

Although LDAP protocol and data structures are designed to be safe for use with national characters, Active Directory obviously leaves a large room for improvement in this area. For example, although LDAP specification states that DNs using different national characters should be considered different identifiers, Active Directory might consider them to be the same (see MID-7355).

Therefore, we strongly recommend to avoid use of national characters in Active Directory, especially in the identifiers (dn and hence also cn). MidPoint polystring functionality is designed especially for this purpose. Following mapping may help create identifier without national characters:

<attribute>
    <ref>ri:dn</ref>
    <outbound>
        <source>
            <path>givenName</path>
        </source>
        <source>
            <path>familyName</path>
        </source>
        <expression>
            <script>
                <code>
                    'CN=' + basic.concatName(familyName.getNorm(), givenName.getNorm()) + iterationToken + ',OU=Users,DC=example,DC=com'
                </code>
            </script>
        </expression>
    </outbound>
</attribute>

An equivalent mapping would be probably needed for cn attribute as well.