System Performance Testing

Last modified 06 May 2021 07:31 +02:00

This is a description of a preliminary version of the system performance testing scenario.

Testing Scenario Overview

Source and Target Resources

General schema

There is a set of S source and T target resources. Each identity (midPoint user) has one account on each source and one account on each target resource. The number of resources is configurable: S ≥ 1, T ≥ 0.

Data Structures and Mappings

One of goals of this scenario is to test the performance of mapping evaluation. Therefore, we evaluate a set of SMsingle ≥ 0 mappings of dummy single-valued attributes/properties, and a set of SMmulti ≥ 0 mappings of dummy multi-valued attributes/properties, each of which has V ≥ 1 distinct values for each account. (SM stands for source mapping here. If SMsingle = SMmulti, we can simply speak of SM.)

In order to avoid values being overwritten, single-valued mappings are present only on the first source resource. We call it the primary source. Multi-valued properties are evaluated separately per resource: each value is prefixed by the identifier of the resource on which it originates, and the mapping has an appropriate range defined. See below.

Similarly, target (outbound) mappings are defined as well. We can define their number using TMsingle, TMmulti (or simply TM) parameters. Note that unlike single-valued inbound mappings, which are present only on primary source resource, both single- and multi-valued outbound mappings are present equally on all target resources.

The following picture shows a situation with two sources (S = 2), single target (T = 1), 100 single-valued inbound mappings (on primary source) and 100 multi-valued outbound mappings (on both sources), and 100 + 100 mappings on the target resource (SM = TM = 100).

Data flow

Note that besides dummy attributes/properties there are some other ones: obvious name, and custom roles and membership. They will be described later.

For simplicity, the accounts (users) names are unified. They are in the form of u-00000001. The number of accounts on each resource is driven by parameter U ≥ 1.

The dummy mappings look like this:

Inbound single-valued:

<attribute>
    <ref>ri:a-single-0000</ref>
    <inbound>
        <expression>
            <script>
                <code>input</code>
            </script>
        </expression>
        <target>
            <path>extension/p-single-0000</path>
        </target>
    </inbound>
</attribute>

Inbound multi-valued:

<attribute>
    <ref>ri:a-multi-0047</ref>
    <inbound>
        <expression>
            <script>
                <code>'source-000:' + input</code>
            </script>
        </expression>
        <target>
            <path>extension/p-multi-0047</path>
            <set>
                <condition>
                    <script>
                        <code>input.startsWith('source-000:')</code>
                    </script>
                </condition>
            </set>
        </target>
    </inbound>
</attribute>

Outbound mappings are similar. For example, multi-valued ones are like this:

<attribute>
    <ref>ri:a-multi-0000</ref>
    <outbound>
        <source>
            <name>data</name>
            <path>extension/p-multi-0000</path>
        </source>
        <expression>
            <script>
                <code>data</code>
            </script>
        </expression>
    </outbound>
</attribute>

Extension Schema

As seen above, the extension schema contains definitions for p-single-xxxx and p-multi-xxxx properties. These can be indexed or not, depending on the configuration.

Roles

Roles

There is a two-level structure of roles:

  1. User is assigned business roles (based on the value of role attribute on the primary source). An example: business-0014.

  2. Each business role induces I ≥ 0 technical roles, e.g. technical-0001

  3. Each technical role is bound to a single target resource (e.g. target-000) and is projected into a group object on that resource with the name like technical-0001. It induces:

    1. membership in the particular group,

    2. a record in the membership attribute, containing the name of both business and technical role, e.g. business-0014-technical-0001.

The number of user assignments is driven by parameter A ≥ 0. (Actually, both I and A can be also numeric intervals, to provide some randomness in the scenario. Then we can speak of Amin, Amax, Imin, and Imax.)

The technical role looks like this:

<role oid="022c720a-3e94-409a-80f3-808d17f2d49a"
      xmlns="http://midpoint.evolveum.com/xml/ns/public/common/common-3"
      xmlns:ri="http://midpoint.evolveum.com/xml/ns/public/resource/instance-3">

<name>technical-0000</name>
    <assignment>
        <construction>
            <resourceRef oid="f8574dcf-4541-46cb-97cb-9e0c9cdb8f99" /> <!-- target-000 -->
            <kind>entitlement</kind>
            <intent>group</intent>
        </construction>
    </assignment>

    <identifier>g-0000</identifier>

    <inducement>
        <construction>
            <resourceRef oid="f8574dcf-4541-46cb-97cb-9e0c9cdb8f99" /> <!-- target-000 -->
            <attribute>
                <ref>ri:membership</ref>
                <outbound>
                    <expression>
                        <script>
                            <code>
                                // assuming user -> business -> technical role assignment path
                                assignmentPath[0].target.name + '-' + assignmentPath[1].target.name
                            </code>
                        </script>
                    </expression>
                </outbound>
            </attribute>
            <association>
                <ref>ri:group</ref>
                <outbound>
                    <expression>
                        <associationFromLink>
                            <projectionDiscriminator>
                                <kind>entitlement</kind>
                                <intent>group</intent>
                            </projectionDiscriminator>
                        </associationFromLink>
                    </expression>
                </outbound>
            </association>
        </construction>
    </inducement>
</role>

Scenario Execution (Tasks)

The scenario runs in four stages:

Number Name Description

1

Initial import

Initial import of accounts from sources, starting from the primary one.

2

No-op imports

Repeated imports of accounts from sources. They are called "no-op" because nothing changes on sources, so there should be no changes in repository nor on targets (except for e.g. some metadata).

3

Source reconciliation

Reconciliation of each source resource in turn. Again, without any changes on sources.

4

User recomputation

Recomputation of all imported users. Still with no changes.

The execution of stages 2-4 is there to model situations when there are large reconciliation/recomputation tasks scheduled to ensure the eventual consistency of the system. In the future we might add some changes on sources to check the performance also in this case.

Technical Scenario Parameters

The conceptual parameters like S, T, SM, TM, U, A (and others) are driven by Java system properties described here.

Sources and Inbound Mappings

Sources are defined using the following system properties:

Property Description Symbolic name Default value

sources.resources

Number of source resources.

S

1

sources.accounts

Number of accounts on each resource. (This corresponds to the number of imported midPoint users.)

U

10

sources.single-mappings

Number of inbound mappings for single-valued dummy attributes → properties.

SMsingle

1

sources.multi-mappings

Number of inbound mappings for multi-valued dummy attributes → properties.

SMmulti

1

sources.multi-attr-values

Number of values for each multi-valued dummy attribute.

V

5

Targets and Outbound Mappings

Targets are defined using the following system properties:

Property Description Symbolic name Default value

targets.resources

Number of target resources.

T

0

targets.single-mappings

Number of outbound mappings for single-valued dummy properties → attributes.

TMsingle

0

targets.multi-mappings

Number of outbound mappings for multi-valued dummy properties → attributes.

TMmulti

0

Roles

Roles and their assignments are defined using the following system properties:

Property Description Symbolic name Default value

roles.business.count

Number of generated business roles.

2

roles.technical.count

Number of generated technical roles.

2

roles.assignments.count

Fixed number of business role assignments per user. If specified, then Amin = Amax = A.

A

roles.assignments.min

Minimal number of business role assignments per user.

Amin

1

roles.assignments.max

Maximal number of business role assignments per user.

Amax

Amin

roles.inducements.count

Fixed number of business → technical role inducements per business role. If specified, then Imin = Imax = I.

I

roles.inducements.min

Minimal number of inducements per business role.

Imin

1

roles.inducements.max

Maximal number of inducements per business role.

Imax

Imin

Extension Schema

The extension schema is a basic prerequisite for the testing scenario to work, because extension properties used by mappings are defined in it. The schema itself is governed by the following Java properties:

Property Description Default value

schema.single-valued-properties

Number of single valued properties, i.e. p-single-xxxx in the schema. Please make sure the number is high enough to cover the needs of inbound/outbound mappings.

100

schema.multi-valued-properties

Number of multi valued properties, i.e. p-multi-xxxx in the schema. Please make sure the number is high enough to cover the needs of inbound/outbound mappings.

10

schema.indexed-percentage

Percentage of properties that should be indexed. Use an integer value between 0 and 100. E.g. if 25, then properties 0003, 0007, 0011, 0015, etc are indexed, while the others are not. If 50, then properties 0001, 0003, 0005, 0007, etc are indexed.

0

Tasks

Tasks are driven by the following Java properties:

Property Description Default value

import.threads

Number of worker threads for the import tasks.

0 (i.e. single-threaded execution)

import.no-op-runs

Number of "no-op" runs of each of the import tasks.

1

reconciliation.threads

Number of worker threads for the source reconciliation tasks.

0 (i.e. single-threaded execution)

reconciliation.runs

Number of runs of each of the reconciliation tasks.

1

recomputation.threads

Number of worker threads for the recomputation task.

0 (i.e. single-threaded execution)

taskTimeout [1]

Timeout for individual tasks (in milliseconds)

1800000 (i.e. 30 minutes)

Currently, it looks like the number of threads should be slightly less than the number of logical or virtual CPUs. However, this depends. Generally, one should try to find the number such that the throughput is maximized.
Multi-node tasks are not supported yet by this scenario.

Other Properties

Property Meaning Default value

label

Custom label to be used for the scenario.

Computed string in the form of (e.g.) 1s-50m-0t-0m-0a, reflecting S, SM, T, TM, and A, respectively. Special variants are present for SMsingleSMmulti and TMsingleTMmulti.

Other Aspects

In the future we plan to other features, like template mappings, policy rules, organizational structure, and so on.

How to Run

The midPoint code has to be compiled (once) and then the test can be run repeatedly, with the same or different parameters.

Compilation looks like this:

mvn clean install -DskipTests -pl :story -am

And the execution then looks like this:

#
# Single source, increasing number of mappings: 1, 10, 50, 100, 200 (both single and multi)
# Number of accounts is decreasing from 2000 to 500.
#
mvn clean integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=2000 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=1 -Dsources.multi-mappings=1 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=10 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=10 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=2000 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=10 -Dsources.multi-mappings=10 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=10 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=10 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=1000 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=1000 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=100 -Dsources.multi-mappings=100 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=100 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=100 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=200 -Dsources.multi-mappings=200 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=200 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=200 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

#
# Increasing number of sources (having 50 + 50 mappings): 5, 10, 20
# Number of accounts is decreasing from 1000 to 500.
#

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=1000 -Dsources.resources=5 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=10 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=20 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=0 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

#
# Increasing number of targets (having 1 source, 50 + 50 mappings): 5, 10, 20
# Number of accounts is decreasing from 1000 to 500.
#

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=1000 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=5 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=10 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=20 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=0 -Droles.technical.count=0 -Droles.assignments.count=0 -Droles.inducements.count=0 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

#
# Increasing number of assignments (having 1 source, 5 targets, 50 + 50 mappings; each BR has 2 TRs): 5, 10, 20, 100
# Number of accounts is decreasing from 1000 to 500.
#

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=1000 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=5 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=100 -Droles.technical.count=500 -Droles.assignments.count=5 -Droles.inducements.count=2 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=5 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=100 -Droles.technical.count=500 -Droles.assignments.count=10 -Droles.inducements.count=2 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=5 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=100 -Droles.technical.count=500 -Droles.assignments.count=20 -Droles.inducements.count=2 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

mvn integration-test -pl :story -o -Pextratest -Dit.test=TestSystemPerformance -Dconfig=/.../postgresql.properties \
 -Dsources.accounts=500 -Dsources.resources=1 -Dsources.single-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-mappings=50 -Dsources.multi-attr-values=5 \
 -Dtargets.resources=5 -Dtargets.single-mappings=50 -Dtargets.multi-mappings=50 \
 -Droles.business.count=100 -Droles.technical.count=500 -Droles.assignments.count=100 -Droles.inducements.count=2 \
 -Dschema.single-valued-properties=50 -Dschema.multi-valued-properties=50 \
 -Dimport.threads=6 -Dreconciliation.runs=0 -Drecomputation.threads=6

...

Note that the first command cleans the target directory in the story module. The other ones should not contain clean maven goal, as to preserve the content.

The -Dconfig=…​ should point to a testing repository configuration.

The other -Dx=y flags define individual test parameters.

Results

The test provides four files for each test run:

File Description

TIMESTAMP-summary.txt

Summary information about the measured performance in a given run.

TIMESTAMP-progress.csv

Snapshot of the task progress during the course of the execution. It can be analyzed to see e.g. if there are any slowdowns as the repository is being filled in with the data.

TIMESTAMP-report-xxx.txt

Standard TestMonitor-based report to be automatically processed by our analysis tools.

TIMESTAMP-details.txt

Selected details (e.g. task statistics dumps) to be manually inspected, if needed.

Note that also test.log contains dumps of tasks during the course of tests executions, so this file is worth keeping, if possible.

Preliminary Results

The following charts show preliminary test results obtained on HP ProDesk 490 G3 MT Business PC (T9S84ES#BCM) with

  • Intel® Core™ i7-6700 CPU @ 3.40GHz,

  • 16 GB memory: DDR4 Synchronous Unbuffered (Unregistered) 2133 MHz,

  • 500 GB SSD: Samsung SSD 860,

  • Ubuntu 20.04.1.

First Run

Import performance
Recomputation performance

Test results are summarized here. (Note that labels are little different from the ones used in the current version of the test. In particular, the test was run without outbound mappings.)

All relevant data are stored here.

Second Run

Import performance
Recomputation performance

Summary: here.

This time outbound mappings are executed as well. Moreover, results from support-4.3 branch are provided along with support-4.2 and master.


1. Will be changed to tasks.timeout soon.